Variation on ground-beetle communities (Coleoptera) in altitude gradient on Belasica Mt., Republic of North Macedonia
Keywords:Carabidae, vertical gradient, mountain, distribution and ecology pattern
Community structure of ground-beetles along altitudinal gradient on a Submediterranean mountain
in North Macedonia, bordered with Bulgaria and Greece was studied. The aim was to determine whether
altitude influences the distribution and ecology pattern of ground-beetle community.
The research was carried out in 14 localities covering the main vegetation types on northern slopes of
Belasica Mountain, by using pitfall traps.
The ground-beetle fauna consisted of 38 taxa and 7 subfamilies. Species richness and abundance of
ground-beetles did not change significantly with increasing altitude and consequently with differences of
vegetation type. But, the overall pattern of species diversity and homogeneity showed significant decrease
towards higher altitudes indicating disruption of the community stability and presence of unfavorable
This study gives a preliminary analysis of the climatic mechanisms affecting ground beetle communities
and indicates possible sensitiveness towards environmental changes along altitudinal gradient on Belasica
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Copyright (c) 2022 Aleksandra Cvetkovska-Gjorgjievska, Dana Prelić, Slavčo Hristovski
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