Global warming – causes, consequences and measures


  • Risto Ciconkov Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University "Sv. Kiril i Metodij", P.O. Box 464, 91000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia


Climate change, global warming, CO2, GWP, Kjoto Protocol


An explanation for the weather, climate and climate change is given in this review as well as explanation of the greenhouse effect, i.e. global warming and causes which contribute to this effect (Greenhouse gases GHG and GWP - Global Warming Potential) Data on climate change in the past period according to the international organizations are presented as well as data on concentrations of GHGs which participate in the global warming, rising of the global average temperature; projections of likely scenarios for the future climate change and consequences of them on the environment and human activities and the main features of the Kyoto Protocol and problems in its realization. The need for preparation of a country strategy concerning to the acts of the Kyoto Protocol, suggestions which could contribute in preparing of the strategy. A special attention is pointed out on the energy, its resource, the structure of energy consumption and energy efficiency. The big importance of the „Macedonia’s First National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change“ is accented.




How to Cite

Ciconkov, R. (2003). Global warming – causes, consequences and measures. Macedonian Journal of Ecology and Environment, 8(1-2), 55–64. Retrieved from